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Research Suggests Zika Can Move from Mom to Fetus

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In a finding that suggests the Zika virus can move from a pregnant woman to her unborn child, Brazilian researchers report the virus was present in the amniotic fluid of two women whose infants were diagnosed with the birth defect microcephaly.

The discovery adds to growing evidence that the Zika virus might be behind a recent surge in the number of babies born in Brazil with microcephaly, which leads to abnormally small heads and possible brain damage.

“Previous studies have identified Zika virus in the saliva, breast milk and urine of mothers and their newborn babies, after having given birth,” said study author Dr. Ana de Filippis, from the Oswaldo Cruz Institute in Rio de Janeiro. “This study reports details of the Zika virus being identified directly in the amniotic fluid of a woman during her pregnancy, suggesting that the virus could cross the placental barrier and potentially infect the fetus.”

Reporting in the Feb. 17 issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases, the researchers explained that the amniotic fluid surrounds and protects the fetus while developing in the mother’s uterus. The placental barrier regulates

1 in 4 Breast Lumpectomies Requires More Surgery

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Women with early stage breast cancer who opt for a breast-conserving surgery known as a lumpectomy have a one in four chance they will need a second operation within 90 days, researchers report.

“The chance of getting a second surgery has gone down a little, but it is still high and it is substantial,” said study author Dr. Art Sedrakyan. He is a professor of health care policy and research at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York City.

In a lumpectomy, the tumor tissue, along with a margin of surrounding tumor-free tissue, is removed. However, if the tissue in the margin is not completely free of tumor cells, a second operation is needed.

During the study period, which ran from 2003 through 2013, the overall rate of re-operation within 90 days was almost 31 percent, Sedrakyan said. It declined from nearly 40 percent in 2003 through 2004, to 23 percent from 2011 through 2013, the study found.

“Having a second surgery after you think you’ve solved all your problems is stressful,” Sedrakyan said.

The

A Third of Adults Lack Regular, Refreshing Sleep

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One of every three Americans doesn’t get enough sleep on a regular basis, a new study from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

About 35 percent of U.S. adults are sleeping less than seven hours a night, increasing their risk of a wide variety of health problems, CDC researchers reported on Feb. 18 in the agency’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Getting less than seven hours of sleep a night has been associated with increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, frequent mental distress and death, the study authors said.

“People have to recognize that sleep is just as important as what they’re eating and how much they’re exercising,” said Dr. Shalini Paruthi, co-director of the Sleep Medicine and Research Center at St. Luke’s Hospital in St. Louis. “It’s one of the pillars of good health.”

The CDC study is the first to document estimated sleep duration for all 50 states, as well as the District of Columbia, the researchers said.

The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) and the Sleep Research Society

How Seniors Reap The Benefits Of Therapeutic Gardening

There are many different therapies that can help seniors to enjoy life and to feel that they are making a positive contribution. Creative activities like therapeutic gardening are excellent for fostering a feeling of well-being. Therapeutic gardening can also engender a feeling of responsibility as seniors need to tend to plants to ensure they grow healthily.

Caring for seniors requires a holistic approach. As we get older, our minds may not be quite so sharp, and our bodies are not as flexible and resilient as they used to be. We can all benefit from therapy that includes components that exercise our minds and our bodies. Gardening is one such therapy.

Therapeutic gardening is growing in popularity, although it has taken a long time for it to be widely recognized as a useful therapy. As far back as the nineteenth century, therapeutic gardening was being recommended to help seniors who had become mentally or physically impaired. Gardening needs thought, planning, dedication and a certain amount of physical effort. Therefore, it is an activity that requires seniors to put their mental and physical capabilities into action. In this way, it helps them keep active and alert.

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Tips For Finding Cheap Hotels In Lombok

Lombok is the name of an island in eastern Indonesia. Lombok island is not really a big island like Java, Sumatra or Kalimantan. Lombok Island is a relatively small island like Bali. The interesting part of the island of Lombok is its beautiful beaches and natural beauty is still maintained. Many tourists who come to this island to enjoy the beauty of the beach and the beauty of the sea. In addition to sunbathing, you can perform a variety of underwater activities like diving or snorkeling. Marine biodiversity in the sea around Lombok island is fairly preserved and beautiful. This is what draws many tourists to come to Lombok. And for this reason, Lombok Raya Hotel provides accomodation for those who like to visit this area.

When you came to Lombok, as a means for you is to stay at the hotel. Because it is a small island, you probably will seldom find a cottage or another kind of venue at this place. If you are a person concerned about the quality and safety standards, the hotel becomes a good choice for those of you who want to come to Lombok. To find a hotel

Want to be Healthy? Consume the Health Supplement

Many people consider that health is something that we should maintain well. Do you agree that we need to pay attention much on the health? Well, we know that health is something that we should pay attention much since if we are healthy, we can do all of the things well. We will be able to work and do our job easily. We will not get the distraction from our body condition when we are healthy. That’s why there are many people try to choose the best way for treating their health.

Of course, there will be many kinds of ways that we can do in order to keep and maintain our health. One of them is consuming the health supplement. Nowadays, consuming the healthy and nutritious foods are the obligatory. It is not enough for us if we only have the healthy food, we need also to consume the health supplement for making the good condition of our body. When we need to have a lot of energy for doing the daily activities, the health supplement will be really important for stimulating your body have the good energy.

Have you chosen what kind of

. Social Groups May Lengthen Retirees’ Lives

Staying socially active by joining book clubs or church groups may add years to your life after retirement, a new study suggests.

The more groups a person belongs to in early retirement, the lower their risk of premature death, Australian researchers found. The chance of dying within six years of stopping work was 2 percent for people who were members of two social groups before retiring and stayed in both. If they left one group, their risk of death increased to 5 percent, and it rose to 12 percent if they left both groups.

“The sense of belonging that social group connections provide helps people sustain a meaningful and healthy life,” said lead researcher Niklas Steffens, a lecturer at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia.

Social planning may be as important as financial and medical planning to health and well-being in retirement, he said.

“If you don’t belong to any group, join one,” Steffens said. “If you belong to only one or two groups, you might want to think about how to make the most of these and what other groups you may want to join. Remember that maintaining an active group life

Cholesterol in Eggs May Not Hurt Heart Health: Study

The once-maligned egg may not be a heartbreaker after all, new research suggests.

Finnish researchers say that even carriers of a gene — called APOE4 — that increases sensitivity to dietary cholesterol don’t seem to have anything to fear when it comes to the impact of eggs, or any other dietary cholesterol, on heart health.

The findings followed the 20-year plus tracking of dietary habits among more than 1,000 middle-aged Finnish men. All were heart healthy at the study’s start, and about a third carried the APOE4 gene, the researchers said.

“It is quite well known that dietary cholesterol intake has quite a modest impact on blood cholesterol levels, and cholesterol or egg intakes have not been associated with a higher risk of heart disease in most studies,” said study author Jyrki Virtanen. He is an adjunct professor in nutritional epidemiology with the University of Eastern Finland Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition in Kuopio, Finland.

“However, dietary cholesterol intake has a greater impact on blood cholesterol levels among those with [APOE4],” Virtanen added. “So it was assumed that cholesterol intake might have a stronger impact on heart disease risk among those people.

Study: Get Patients Out of Bed Soon After Stroke

It may be good for hospitalized stroke patients to be taken out of bed for frequent but short periods of movement, researchers report.

The study authors from Australia looked at more than 2,100 patients in a hospital stroke unit and found that getting them out of bed and moving around soon after their stroke benefited them.

The more often this was done, the better their physical recovery and their chances of regaining their independence three months after their stroke, according to the study.

But researchers found the sessions were only effective when kept short. Increasing the length of each session reduced the likelihood that patients would be independent within a few months.

Some experts have raised concerns about the safety of getting patients out of bed soon after a stroke, but the researchers found no evidence that doing so increased the risk of serious problems.

Early and frequent out-of-bed movement helped reduce the risk of serious complications in patients between the ages of 65 and 80, according to lead author Julie Bernhardt, head of the stroke division at the Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health in Victoria, and colleagues.

The study

. Diabetes Drug May Help Prevent Second Stroke: Study

The diabetes drug Actos (pioglitazone) appears to protect people who’ve already had a stroke from suffering a second stroke, a new study finds.

Along with standard treatment after a stroke — including blood thinners, and blood pressure and cholesterol medication — the addition of Actos reduced the odds of another stroke by 24 percent compared to a placebo, the researchers said.

“Actos represents a new option for patients who have had a stroke to help prevent a future stroke,” said lead researcher Dr. Walter Kernan, a professor of medicine at Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Conn.

For the study, Kernan and colleagues randomly assigned nearly 4,000 patients who had suffered a stroke or a mini-stroke to Actos or a placebo. None of the patients had diabetes but they did have evidence of insulin resistance, putting them at risk for the blood-sugar disease.

Over nearly five years of follow-up, 9 percent of those taking Actos had another stroke or heart attack, compared with nearly 12 percent of those receiving placebo, the researchers found.

Nearly 4 percent of those taking Actos developed diabetes, compared with nearly 8 percent of those taking the placebo,

Testosterone May Boost Sex Drive in Older Men

Testosterone therapy may restore some sexual desire and function in older men whose natural hormone levels have declined, clinical trials suggest.

However, the treatments didn’t do much to improve vitality or physical function in men 65 or older, as many have believed, said co-researcher Dr. Thomas Gill.

“Men who are experiencing low desire or low sexual activity and are interested in improving in those areas, testosterone treatment would be reasonable to consider,” Gill said.

But, “a physician probably wouldn’t be encouraged to prescribe testosterone solely for problems with physical function or solely for low energy, based on these results,” he added. Gill is a professor of geriatrics and epidemiology at Yale University and director of the Yale Program on Aging in New Haven, Conn.

The use of testosterone replacement therapy has nearly doubled in recent years, from 1.3 million patients in 2009 to 2.3 million in 2013, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

The results of the latest trials “really help to put the effects of testosterone in some quantifiable context,” said Dr. Eric Orwoll, associate dean for clinical sciences at Oregon Health & Science University in Portland.

“I would

Pot Smokers Susceptible to Other Addictions

Pot smokers may be at significantly greater risk for developing an addiction to other drugs or alcohol, a new study suggests.

Researchers found that adult marijuana use was associated with greater likelihood of developing alcohol and drug use problems, including nicotine dependence, over three years of follow-up. But it was not associated with greater risk of developing a mood or anxiety disorder.

“This new finding raises the possibility that the recent rise in marijuana use may be contributing to the coincident rise in serious harms related to narcotics and other drugs of abuse,” said lead researcher Dr. Mark Olfson. He is a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City.

The results stem from a sampling of nearly 35,000 adults interviewed three years apart for the U.S. National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Almost 1,300 of the adults used marijuana, the researchers found.

Two-thirds of marijuana users had some form of substance use disorder three years later compared to less than 20 percent of those who didn’t use marijuana in the previous year, the study found.

“Those who used marijuana once or more a month had the

Possible Link Between Antibiotics and Delirium?

Delirium in hospitalized patients might be linked to common antibiotics more often than once believed, according to new research.

Delirium — mental confusion that may be paired with hallucinations and agitation — is often caused by medications. But, antibiotics are not typically the first type of drug suspected, said study lead author Dr. Shamik Bhattacharyya, a neurologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.

Reviewing case reports going back seven decades on patients given antibiotics who later developed delirium and related issues, the scientists found that nearly half suffered delusions or hallucinations. Seven out of 10 were found to have abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

“A key point in the study is that different antibiotics caused different types of confusion,” Bhattacharyya said. “The fact that antibiotics can cause confusion has been recognized for many years, but it doesn’t come into the consciousness of many doctors simply because there are many causes of confusion in patients with infection. So being able to find distinct patterns was not something we anticipated.”

But one doctor not involved with the study said using case studies that spanned 70 years may not have produced an accurate assessment of

Parenthood May Alter Immune System

While most people know that parenting is a stressful, sleep-depriving undertaking, new research suggests it may also rewire the immune system.

The study found that parenting seems to have a more significant effect on the immune system than the flu vaccine or gastroenteritis, commonly called the stomach flu.

“That’s at least something for prospective parents to consider — the sleep deprivation, stress, chronic infections and all the other challenges of parenting does more to our body than just gives us grey hairs,” study co-leader Dr. Adrian Liston said in a news release from the Babraham Institute in the United Kingdom.

“I think that any parents of a nursery- or school-age child can appreciate the effect a child has on your immune system,” added Liston, a researcher at VIB and KU Leuven in Belgium.

For the study, researchers compared the immune systems of 670 people, aged 2 to 86 years. The investigators also looked at participants’ gender and weight to help see which factors influence the immune system from one person to the next.

The study volunteers’ immune systems were monitored over the course of three years. People were generally able to maintain a

Pregnancy After 40 May Boost This Risk Later

Women who become pregnant at age 40 or older may face a greater risk of a “bleeding” stroke later in life, new research suggests.

“Women who have a pregnancy after the age of 40 appear to have a higher chance, 15 or 20 years down the line, of having a stroke, particularly the hemorrhagic type of stroke, which is bleeding in the brain,” said lead researcher Dr. Adnan Qureshi. He is director of the Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Institute, in St. Cloud, Minn.

However, the study only uncovered an association between later pregnancies and potential stroke risk. It did not prove cause-and-effect.

Qureshi and colleagues reviewed data from more than 72,000 women, aged 50 to 79, enrolled in the Women’s Health Initiative, a large-scale study launched to look at ways to prevent health problems in women.

The researchers zeroed in on more than 3,300 women who had a pregnancy after the age of 40. The investigators looked at their rates of stroke, heart attack and death from cardiovascular disease over the next 12 years, and then compared them with women who had a pregnancy at a younger age.

Hemorrhagic stroke was 60 percent more

Teething Makes Babies Cranky, But Not Sick: Review

Teething can make babies miserable, but it rarely causes fevers above 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, or any other signs of illness, a new review finds.

The analysis, published online Feb. 18 in the journal Pediatrics, found that teething most often just causes babies to be a little crankier, drool more and rub their irritated gums.

And while some infants have a slight rise in their temperature, teething usually does not cause a full-fledged fever — or any other signs of illness, according to the researchers led by Dr. Michele Bolan, of the Federal University of Santa Catarina, in Brazil.

It’s very common for parents to be confused about whether certain symptoms are related to a baby’s teething or an illness, said Dr. Minu George, interim chief of general pediatrics at Cohen Children’s Medical Center, in New Hyde Park, N.Y.

“I get questions about this on a daily basis,” said George, who was not involved in the study.

If a baby’s temperature rises to 100.4 degrees F or higher, George said, then it’s a fever — and not just a mild temperature elevation from teething.

“Fevers are not a bad thing,” she pointed out.

Preemie Birth Risk May Rise for Depressed Parents

It’s known that an expectant mother’s mental and emotional health can affect her baby. New research, however, finds that depression in either the father or the mother may be linked to an increased likelihood of preterm birth.

Screening for and treating mental health problems in both parents may help reduce the odds of a preterm delivery, according to study author Dr. Anders Hjern and his colleagues.

“Depressive fathers influence the stress hormone balance in the mother, and depression may also — but this is more speculative — have an effect on sperm quality,” said Hjern, professor of pediatric epidemiology with the Centre for Health Equity Studies in Stockholm, Sweden.

Hjern and his colleagues analyzed more than 360,000 births in Sweden between 2007 and 2012. They determined parental depression by prescriptions for antidepressants that the expectant parents were taking. The researchers also looked at the parents’ outpatient and hospital care. All this information was from 12 months before conception until six months after conception.

Mothers who had either a first bout with depression or recurring depression appeared to have a 30 percent to 40 percent higher risk of delivering a baby moderately preterm — at

Obesity Can Send Kids’ Blood Pressure Soaring

Children and teens who become or stay obese may quickly face up to three times the risk of developing high blood pressure compared to their slimmer peers, a new study says.

These findings are of particular concern because the high blood pressure in kids who went from overweight to obese, or those who stayed obese, developed in a short time — the study only lasted three years.

“These findings underscore the importance of developing and implementing early and effective clinical and public health strategies for obesity prevention,” said lead researcher Emily Parker. She is a research investigator at the HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research in Bloomington, Minn.

For the study, Parker and her colleagues collected data on more than 100,000 children and teens listed in the records of three major health systems in California, Colorado and Minnesota between 2007 and 2011. The children ranged in age from 3 and 17 years old.

During the three-year study, 0.3 percent of the children and teens developed high blood pressure.

“Having high blood pressure in children and adolescents is pretty rare, and we still need to know more about whether or not high blood pressure

Home Post-Stroke Caregiving Tops $11K a Year

The time spent caring for an older stroke survivor in the home totals about 22 hours a week, or more than $11,000 a year, a new study finds.

Paying bills, shopping and traveling to and from doctor’s visits adds up, say researchers who found the true cost of post-stroke home care services for American seniors is much higher than previously estimated. Stroke survivors received about 10 more hours of caregiving from family or friends compared to seniors who had not had a stroke, the study found.

Study author Dr. Lesli Skolarus said more than half of seniors living at home after a stroke have some kind of caregiver on hand.

“Our team found stroke survivors receive an average of about 22 hours of [caregiver] help per week,” she said, compared to about 12 hours a week for a comparable group of seniors with no stroke history.

“If all of this care was provided by a paid caregiver, the total cost would be huge,” said Skolarus, an assistant professor in the neurology stroke program at the University of Michigan. “This includes basic and instrumental activities of daily living along with health care, money matters and